Instytut Botaniki im. W. Szafera Polskiej Akademii Nauk - W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences


Krytyczna lista śluzowców Polski



Copyright © W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, 2003;   103 p. / B5

ISBN: 83-89648-08-3

This volume was published with the financial support of the W. Szafer Foundation for Polish Botany (bused on decision No. 9II/P/DS/03 of the Minister of Science, the Chairman of the State Committee for Scientific Research)

zakup: przejdź do Księgarni IB PAN


Introduction / Wstęp - 7 / 11
History of studies on Myxomycetes in Poland /  Historia badań nad śluzowcami w Polsce - 7 / 11
General remarks on the checklist /  Uwagi ogólne do opracowania -  8 / 12
Detailed remarks on the checklist /  Uwagi szczegółowe do opracowania - 8 / 12
Latin nomenclature /  Nomenklatura łacińska - 8 / 12
Polish nomenclature /  Nazewnictwo polskie - 9 / 13
Substrate /  Podłoże - 10 / 14
Notes /  Przypisy - 10 / 14
Symbols and abbreviations used in the list /  Symbole i skróty zastosowane w liście gatunków - 10 / 14
List of species /  Lista gatunków - 15
Outline of systematic classification /  Zarys systematyki - 69
Index of Latin names /  Indeks nazw łacińskich - 71
Index of Polish names (with reference to Latin names) / Indeks nazw polskich (z odsyłaczami do nazw łacińskich) - 89
Index of authors' names /  Indeks nazwisk autorów - 95
References /  Literatura - 99.     


Myxomycetes are a small group of eu-caryotic organisms represented by about 700 mainly cosmopolitan species. Their life cycle is complicated and involves two distinct stages - the first, of unicellular mobile myxamoebae or swarm cells which fuse to form zygote and then, after a series of divisions, constitute a multinuclear plasmodium, and the second, of immobile fruiting bodies derived from the. plasmodium. Because of this complex life cycle, the slime moulds were placed in various positions within the system of organisms. Some authors regarded them as fungi and named Myxomycetes (gr. myxa - slime, myketes - fungi), (LINK 1833, MACBRIDE & MARTIN 1934, MARTIN & ALEXOPOULOS 1969, NANNENGA-BREMEKAMP 1991, NEUBERT ET AL. 1993, 1995,2000), while other shared an opinion, that slime moulds were more closely related to the protozoans and proposed a name Mycetozoa (gr. mykes - fungus, zoon -animal), (SCHRADER 1797, DE BARY 1864, ROSTAFINSKI 1874, OLIVE 1975).
Nowadays, a phylum Myxomycota (= Mycetozoa) is distinguished within the kingdom of Protozoa and divided into three classes: Protosteliomycetes, Dictyosteliomycetes and Myxomycetes (KlRK ET AL. 2001). The present Checklist concerns species belonging to the last class, the Myxomycetes. However, one exception towards the genus Ceratiomyxa has been made. This genus, according to the system accepted in this work (after KIRK ET AL. 2001), belongs to Protosteliomycetes, but it traditionally has been treated as a member of true slime moulds and was frequently placed within the class of Myxomycetes by many specialists (KRZEMIENIEWSKA I960b, MARTIN & ALRXOPOULOS 1969, NAN-NENGA-BREMEKAMP 1991, NEUBERT, NOWOTNY & BAUMANN 2000). Therefore, this genus has also been included here.


First information about the occurrence of slime moulds in Poland dates back to the end of 18th century. KLUK (1787) mentioned two species: Mucor embolus L. (according to ROSTAFIŃSKI, 1875, it probably concerns Comatricha friesiana (DE BARY) ROSTAF., at present Comatricha nigra) and Mucor septicus L. (= Fuligo septica). He also gave them Polish names, respectively: "pleśń stęplowy" and "pleśń gnojowy". The author placed these two species in a long list of plants (in the wide meaning of that time).
A list of 64 species collected by ALEXANDROWICZ (1872) in surroundings of Warszawa (Warsaw) was the first work devoted specifically to slime moulds in Poland. The most remarkable elaboration on mycetozoans, however, was written by ROSTAFIŃSKI (1874, 1875, 1876). Thanks to this monograph - being a comprehensive work containing detailed descriptions of all known species, keys to genera, outline of systematic classification and inventory of Latin and Polish nomenclature - a general scientific interest in this group of organisms increased considerably. Unfortunately, the work was published in Polish, what made impossible for foreign readers to fully benefit from this excellent monograph. Because of that, this remarkable work has never been estimated at its proper value. It should be stressed, however, that in the period of its creation, during occupation of Poland, writing in Polish was an important expression of patriotism.
Since the end of 19th century, notes on slime moulds (which were usually listed among vascular plants or fungi) started to appear in Poland more frequently. In I960 K. RZEMIENIEWSKA (1960b) published a new monograph containing keys, descriptions of species along with the information on their distribution in Poland and neighbouring countries. In later works, more attention has been devoted not only to the distribution, but also towards ecology and the role of slime moulds in plant associations.


This work is the first comprehensive checklist of the Polish slime moulds (Myxomycetes). It is based on published data and in principle only the source publications were taken into consideration. Works by NITARDY (1904) and JAČEVSKIJ (1907) were the only exceptions here. These authors quoted previously published works, but without either title or place of publication. From the compilatory monograph by KRZEMIENIEWSKA (1960b), localities of slime moulds without references to published sources were taken into account (assuming that they constitute author's original data) while all the records cited after other works were omitted here. Localities from the Carpathians cited by her without further details were treated as uncertain, as they were probably based on the author's studies from before the World War II, carried out in the East Carpathians (nowadays in Ukraine). Such records were marked with an asterisk ("*"). The same symbol was used at some records from the works of BŁOŃSKI (1888, 1889), who studied myxomycetes in the Puszcza Białowieska primeval forest. Without detailed information it was impossible to discern whether particular stands were located on Polish or Bielorussian side of the present border.
The list contains 222 species arranged alphabetically. For each species a valid Latin name and a Polish name are provided. Below, the names used in source publications are listed (if they differ from the valid name), followed by the substrate description and references to source literature. The main list is supplemented by several indexes: (i) the index of Latin names, containing currently acknowledged names and all other names which appeared in source literature (in unchanged form, even if they were published without, or with incorrect/incomplete, author citation), (ii) index of Polish names, and (iii) index of the authors of myxomycetes' names.
Wanda Stojanowska and Eugeniusz Panek were responsible for compilation of data from literature since 1961 till 2003. Anna Drozdowicz and Anna Ronikier elaborated literature from the beginnings till 1960; they were also responsible for the introduction, notes, indexes, Polish nomenclature and compilation of the whole work. Although the authors did their best to prepare the work as thoroughly as possible, the Checklist might miss some data especially from very old literature, which is hardly available. The authors will be grateful for any comments, which will help to prepare a future, updated version of the Checklist.

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