Instytut Botaniki im. W. Szafera Polskiej Akademii Nauk - W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences
CONTENTS / SPIS TREŚCI
includes Ascomycetes fungi belonging to three orders of
the subclass Leotiomycetidae - Helotiales, Rhytismatales, and
Thelebolales - and the order Pezizales of the subclass Pezizomycetidae
(Kirk et al.
2001). An exception is that the list of Helotiales fungi
includes those belonging to the genera Orbilia and Hyalinia which
originally were included in that order (Hawkswort et al. 1995) but
recently were excluded (Kirk et
Because of the shape of their ascocarps, similar to cups or small bowls, the larger ascomycetes used to be named 'cup fungi' (Discomycetes). Their ascocarps in most cases are open, of the apothecium type, sessile or stipitate. Some of the fungi produce fruit bodies in stroma on decayed leaves or twigs. The fruit bodies are characterised by a wide range of colors, and their sizes range from 200 um to several centimeters.
Most of the larger Ascomycetes are saprobic on herbaceous or woody tissue, soil or very decayed wood. Some are coprophilous or pyrophilous. Certain species are plant parasites or hypogeous and mycorrhizal (Kirk et al. 2001).
HISTORY OF STUDIES ON LARGER ASCOMYCETES IN POLAND
The earliest reports of the larger ascomycetes found on Polish
territory (within Poland's modern political boundaries) come from the
end of the 19th century. Mycological works from
that time contain
mentions of cup fungi found in the Tatra Mountains (Krupa 1886;
Raciborski 1890), Białowieża Forest (Błoński 1888, 1889), and several
other places in the country (Błoński, 1896; Chełhowski 1892;
With the beginning of the 20th century came new mycological works mentioning larger ascomycetes found in Poland. They were found in eastern Poland near Międzyrzec Podlaski (Eichler 1902, 1904, 1907) and in Silesia (Schroeter 1908). The following years brought reports of both saprotrophic and parasitic species, and by the end of the 20th century many works had been published, devoted not only to the distribution but also to the ecology and role of larger Ascomycetes fungi in plant associations.
Up to now no complete monograph on larger ascomycetes in Poland has been published. The only published monograph deals with hypogeous species of the order Pezizales (Ławrynowicz 1988). Several other works were published on Sclerotiniaceae (Palmer & Trusz-kowska 1969), Geopyxis (Turnau 1984b) and Pseudoplectania (Chmiel & Sałata 1986).
This is the first comprehensive work on the larger ascomycetes found in
Poland. The checklist is based on data published in phys-iographical
and mycological works. It contains 785 species listed alphabetically.
For each species the accepted Latin name is provided (and a Polish name if available), followed by the name or names used in the source publications (synonyms) if they differ from the accepted name. The list also gives substrate descriptions and references to the source literature.