Instytut Botaniki im. W. Szafera Polskiej Akademii Nauk - W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences

CHECKLIST OF POLISH LARGER ASCOMYCETES.

Krytyczna lista roślin wielkoowocnikowych grzybów workowych Polski.

series: BIODIVERSITY OF POLAND, Vol. 8

Maria Alicja CHMIEL

Copyright © W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, 2006

ISBN: 978-83-89648-46-4

152 p. / B5

zakup: przejdź do Księgarni IB
PAN

CONTENTS / SPIS TREŚCI

Introduction / Wstęp  - 7 / 9
History of studies on larger Ascomycetes in Poland / Historia badari nad wielkoowocnikowymi grzybami workowymi w Polsce - 7 / 9
General remarks / Uwagi ogolne  7 / 9
Latin nomenclature /  Nomenklatura łaciriska 7 / 9
Polish names / Nazwy polskie  -  8 / 10
SubstratePodłoże  -  8 / 10
Works citedCytowana literatura -  8 / 10
Symbols usedUzyte symbole -  8 / 10
Systematic classification of larger Ascomycetes / Podzial systematyczny wielkoowocnikowych grzybow workowych  -  11
List of speciesLista gatunkow  -  15
ReferencesLiteratura  -  127
Index of authors' names / Indeks nazwisk autorow  -  145

INTRODUCTION

This Checklist includes Ascomycetes fungi belonging to three orders of the subclass Leotiomycetidae - Helotiales, Rhytismatales, and Thelebolales - and the order Pezizales of the subclass Pezizomycetidae (Kirk et al. 2001). An exception is that the list of Helotiales fungi includes those belonging to the genera Orbilia and Hyalinia which originally were included in that order (Hawkswort et al. 1995) but recently were excluded (Kirk et al. 2001).
Because of the shape of their ascocarps, similar to cups or small bowls, the larger ascomycetes used to be named 'cup fungi' (Discomycetes). Their ascocarps in most cases are open, of the apothecium type, sessile or stipitate. Some of the fungi produce fruit bodies in stroma on decayed leaves or twigs. The fruit bodies are characterised by a wide range of colors, and their sizes range from 200 um to several centimeters.
Most of the larger Ascomycetes are saprobic on herbaceous or woody tissue, soil or very decayed wood. Some are coprophilous or pyrophilous. Certain species are plant parasites or hypogeous and mycorrhizal (Kirk et al. 2001).

HISTORY OF STUDIES ON LARGER ASCOMYCETES IN POLAND

The earliest reports of the larger ascomycetes found on Polish territory (within Poland's modern political boundaries) come from the end of the 19th century. Mycological works from that time contain mentions of cup fungi found in the Tatra Mountains (Krupa 1886; Raciborski 1890), Białowieża Forest (Błoński 1888, 1889), and several other places in the country (Błoński, 1896; Chełhowski 1892; Kwieciński 1896).
With the beginning of the 20th century came new mycological works mentioning larger ascomycetes found in Poland. They were found in eastern Poland near Międzyrzec Podlaski (Eichler 1902, 1904, 1907) and in Silesia (Schroeter 1908). The following years brought reports of both saprotrophic and parasitic species, and by the end of the 20th century many works had been published, devoted not only to the distribution but also to the ecology and role of larger Ascomycetes fungi in plant associations.
Up to now no complete monograph on larger ascomycetes in Poland has been published. The only published monograph deals with hypogeous species of the order Pezizales (Ławrynowicz 1988). Several other works were published on Sclerotiniaceae (Palmer & Trusz-kowska 1969), Geopyxis (Turnau 1984b) and Pseudoplectania (Chmiel & Sałata 1986).

GENERAL REMARKS

This is the first comprehensive work on the larger ascomycetes found in Poland. The checklist is based on data published in phys-iographical and mycological works. It contains 785 species listed alphabetically.
For each species the accepted Latin name is provided (and a Polish name if available), followed by the name or names used in the source publications (synonyms) if they differ from the accepted name. The list also gives substrate descriptions and references to the source literature.


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