W. Szafer Institute of Botany of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Halina Bednarek-Ochyra

A taxonomic monograph of the moss genus Codriophorus P. Beauv. (Grimmiaceae)

Kraków 2006

ISBN 83-89648-40-7









Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction.................................................................7

Acknowledgements.........................................................................8

Chapter 2. Historical Perspective..................................................9

A history ofthe genus.......................................................................9
A history ofthe species and infraspecific taxa...................................10
Accepted species..........................................................................10
'Sunk' taxa....................................................................................13

Chapter 3. Materiał and Methods................................................15

Herbarium materiał........................................................................15
Treatment oftaxa...........................................................................15

Chapter 4. Taxonomic Characters..............................................17

Gametophyte generation................................................................18
    1.  Growth-form.........................................................................18
    2.  Stem...................................................................................18
    3.  Branching pattern.................................................................18
    4.  Plant colour.........................................................................18
    5. Axillary hairs.........................................................................19
    6.  Rhizoids..............................................................................19
    7.  Leaves.................................................................................19
    8.  Leaf apex.............................................................................19
    9.  Leaf margin...........................................................................21
    10.  Costa.................................................................................21
    11.  Laminal cells......................................................................23
    12. Alar cells.............................................................................27
    13.  Supra-alar cells...................................................................27
    14. Vegetative reproduction  .......................................................27
Sporophyte generation....................................................................27
    15.  Sexuality............................................................................28
    16.  Perigonium.........................................................................29
    17.  Perichaetium......................................................................29
    18.  Seta...................................................................................29
    19. Vaginula   ...........................................................................30
    20.  Capsule..............................................................................30
    21.  Operculum..........................................................................30
    22. Annulus...............................................................................30
    23.  Exothecial cells...................................................................30
    24.  Stomata..............................................................................31
    25.  Peristome...........................................................................33
    26.  Spores ...............................................................................33
    27.  Calyptra..............................................................................33
Cytology........................................................................................34

Chapter 5. Phytogeography and Ecology.....................................35

Distribution and geographical elements............................................35
    General remarks........................................................................35
    Geographical elements...............................................................38
        1.  Pan-Holarctic Temperate....................................................38
        2.  Circum-North-Pacific..........................................................38
        3. East Asian-Pacific   ...........................................................38
        4.  European-Macaronesian  ...................................................38
        5. Amphiatlantic South-Temperate   ........................................38
        6.  Endemics.........................................................................38
General ecology.............................................................................39

Chapter 6. Taxonomy..................................................................41

Systematic position of the genus Codriophorus.................................41
Infrageneric classification...............................................................45
Synopsis of Codriophorus species...................................................47
Key to the sections, subsections and species of Codriophorus..........47
Regional keys to the species..........................................................48
    Asia and Oceania......................................................................48
    Europe, Macaronesia and North Africa.........................................49
    North America   ........................................................................49
    South America and South Africa .................................................50

Chapter 7. Systematic Account of the Taxa    .............................51

Genus Codriophorus.......................................................................51
    A. Section Codriophorus.............................................................52
        A1. Subsection Codriophorus..................................................54
            1.   Codriophorus acicularis.................................................55
            2.   Codriophorus aduncoides..............................................88
            3.   Codriophorus mollis......................................................95
            4.   Codriophorus norrisii...................................................103
        A2. Subsection Hydrophilus..................................................110
            5.   Codriophorus aquaticus  .............................................111
            6.   Codriophorus ryszardii.................................................135
            7.   Codriophorus carinatus................................................142
        A3. Subsection Depressi  .....................................................151
            8.   Codriophorus depressus..............................................152
        A4. Subsection Andicola.......................................................160
            9.   Codriophorus dichelymoides........................................161
    B.  Section Fascicularia............................................................167
        B1. Subsection Fasciformes..................................................168
            10.   Codriophorus fascicularis...........................................169
            11.   Codriophorus brevisetus.............................................194
            12.   Codriophorus anomodontoides....................................204
            13.   Codriophorus corrugatus............................................216
        B2. Subsection Chrysei ........................................................225
            14.   Codriophorus laevigatas.............................................226
        B3. Subsection Piliferi...........................................................236
            15.   Codriophorus varius...................................................237

Chapter 8. Names with Unlocated Types and Taxa Excluded from Codriophorus

    Names without located types.....................................................249
    Taxa excluded from Codriophorus..............................................251
Summary...................................................................................253
References.................................................................................255
Index to Latin Names.................................................................269
Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Novelties..................................275