Polish Botanical Studies GUIDEBOOK SERIES - No 13 (1995) 


Zielnik Józefa Jundziłła
(Herbarium of Józef Jundziłł)

publikacja w jęz. polskim z ang. wstępem (poniżej), 154 str.

Instytut Botaniki im. W. Szafera PAN, Kraków

PL-ISSN:08670749 PL-ISBN:8385444408

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Józef Jundziłł (1794-1877) was a professor of botany at Vilna University. In 1832 the University was closed down, he left Vilna and continued collecting his herbarium. After his death his daughter handed down his collection to Cracow to the Herbarium of the (Polish) Academy of Sciences (at present KRAM, Lubicz 46, Pl-31-512 Krakow, Poland).
Now, the herbarium of J. Jundzill is a valuable subject of studies for botanists and botany historians. It consists of 7318 sheets: 6249 - vascular plants representing the flora of most climatic regions of the world, and 1069 - mosses, liverworts, fungi and lichens. Its scientific importance may be considered a three-sided problem: floristic, nomenclatorical, and historical. From the floristic point of view, data on localities of collection of given specimens of plants are very important. Labels of 1584 sheets provide this kind of information, and only those specimens were redetermined; Chapter Specimens with given/recorded localities (p. 48-117) contains the list of them. The rest of the herbarium comprises exotic plants, which do not grow in Central Europe. The distant floristic data obtained from the J. Jundzill herbarium enable one to follow changes of plant cover of Lithuania since the beginning of 19th century. Nowadays many of the localities do not exist.
The study of the herbarium from the historical point of view consisted in rendering its history based on data obtained from the labels, and on archival materials of many archives in Cracow (Poland) and Vilna (Lithuania). The collection was arranged in 1825-1832. In its preparation, J. Jundzill used the materials from his predecessors and students herbaria which were housed in the Natural History Collections of the University, as well as materials from his own collection. He supplemented the herbarium until his death.
In the history of botanical nomenclature in Poland, the herbarium is a demonstration of the practical application of Linnaeus' system until the second half of 19th century, despite the existence of other newer systems. It testifies both to great practical value of Linnaeus' system, and to a certain conservatism of J. Jundzill. However, the Latin nomenclature used in the collection is indicative of a reception of some post-Linnaean floras (i.e. Florae austriacae (Jacquin 1773-1778), Flora rossica (Pallas 1784-1788) Enumeratio plantarum (Vahl 1804-1806), Primitiae Florae Galiciae (Besser 1809), Enumeratio plantarum hucusque (Besser 1822), Flora austriaca (Host 1827-1831)). Polish names of plants are a proof of the considerable popularity of works of rev. Stanislaw Bonifacy Jundzill (1791,1811) and rev. Krzysztof Kluk (1786-1788) among both botanists, and amateurs. They also indicate that folk names of plants, which originated from medieval Polish, were still in use.
From the historical point of view, the herbarium is relevant. It is the only collection of dry plants of a professor of the former Vilna University which survived in Poland. The collection documents the field works of J. Jundzill conducted until his death. Based on data obtained from labels, regions explored by J. Jundzill could be recognized (see Fig. 18). Those date were not previously known and they brought many new pieces of information to the biography of J. Jundzill. Comparative studies enabled the ascertation of the presence in the herbarium of fragments of collections from 19 persons and 27 botanical gardens, which had relations with the Vilna Botanic Garden (see Chapter Collections of other naturalists and institutions, p. 31-41). The most valuable part of the herbarium is 51 sheets of plants collected by Forsters in South Africa during captain James Cook's second voyage in 1772-1775 (see Table 2. on p. 36), and 29 sheets of Jean Emmanuel Gilibert (1741-1814) - the only part of his herbarium which is now in Poland. By the presence of parts of these other collections, the herbarium of J. Jundziłł is a document of scientific and didactic activity of the Vilna botanic centre.

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