Polish Botanical Studies GUIDEBOOK SERIES - No 22 (1999) 

Ryszard OCHYRA & Grażyna CISŁO

Mchy w zielniku Tytusa Chałubińskiego w Muzeum Tatrzańskim w Zakopanem
The moss herbarium of Tytus Chałubiński in the Tatra Mu-seum in Zakopane

(publikacja w jęz. polskim i angielskim, 178 str.)

Instytut Botaniki im. W. Szafera PAN, Kraków

PL-ISSN:0867-0749 PL-ISBN:83-85444-69-6

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Tytus Chałubiński (1820-1889) was a medical doctor and professor at Warsaw University, who also carried out botanical research. A short sketch of his life is outlined with special emphasis on his botanical activity. From the early 1870s he stayed mostly in Zakopane, then a smali village at the northem foot of the Tatras and turned his interest to mosses which he collected during numerous excursions in the mountains. His bryological efforts resulted in the completion of two outstanding monographs on the Tatra mosses, namely Grimmieae tatrenses in 1882, a monograph of the difficult family of acrocarpous mosses, and Enumeratio muscorum frondosorum tatrensium, hucusque cognitorum in 1886, an annotated checklist of all mosses ever recorded in the Tatras including citation of numerous specimens collected by Chałubiński himself. A brief outline of muscological investigations of the flora of the Tatras is presented with special emphasis on the contribution to its cognizance made by Chałubiński. All new taxa described by Chałubiński are listed and their names are typified. Also, all new combinations are listed alphabetically. The following new synonyms are proposed: Brachythecium plumosum (Hedw.) Schimp. in Bruch, Schimp. & W. Gumbel var. julaceum Breidl. ex Chał. is identical to Brachythecium plumosum (Hedw.) Schimp. in Bruch, Schimp. & W. Gumbel; Dicranum fuscescens Sm. var. compactum Chał. is inseparable from Dicranum fuscescens Sm.; Grimmia apocarpa Hedw. fo. linearis Chał. is Schistidium alpicola (Hedw.) Limpr.; G. contorta (Wahlenb.) Arnott fo. tatrensis Chał. is G. incurva Schwagr.; and Gymnostomum rupestre Schleich. ex Schwagr. is inseparable from G. aeruginosum Sm. The bryological library, now housed in the Tatra Museum, is also described and all important books are listed chronologically. Some of them are briefly described and their title pages and some plates are reproduced. The moss herbarium of Tytus Chałubiński preserved in the Museum consists of 2735 specimens and 600 microscopic slides. All of them were re-examined and arranged in a separate list following the sequence of taxa from Enumeratio muscorum frondosorum tatrensium, hucusque cognitorum. Some geographical names used by Chałubiński are explained and often their modern versions are provided.

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